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Cynara humilis L.

Perennial herb with erect, striate and lanate stems, that inhabits in dry and waste places of C & S of Iberian Peninsula and NW Africa. Leaves are pinnatisect, glabrous above and white tomentose beneath; pinnae have revolute margins. Bracts of the involucre are purplish-blue, and range from reflexed to erect-patent. Florets are all hermaphrodite. Corolla is purplish-blue (sometimes white) and tubular.

Flowering occurs from May to July.

The photo was taken near the city of Córdoba, near a place called “La Palomera”, in May 17, 2016.

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Helianthemum syriacum (Jacq.) Dum. Cours.

Dwarf shrub, up yo 50 cm tall and densely grey-tomentose, that inhabits in calcareous soils of the Mediterranean region. Leaves are petiolate, lanceolate to linear, acute, mucronate and have revolute margins. Flowers are disposed in dense cymes, divided from the base into 3-5 branches. Outer sepals are pilose and lanceolate and smaller than the inner, which are tomentose, ovate and acuminate. Petals are yellow and longer than the sepals.

Flowering occurs from March to June.

The photo was taken in Mount Calamorro (Benalmádena, Málaga) in May 1, 2016.

 

Convolvulus althaeoides L.

Pubescent perennial herb, with stems of up to 120 cm long (slender, trailing or twining) that inhabits dry places in Mediterranean and Macaronesic regions. Leaves are petiolate, very variable but, at least, the upper are cordate to sagittate. Flowers are in axillary cymes. Sepals are also variable, from acute to rounded, but in general they are densely hairy. Corolla, infundibuliform, is pink.

Flowering takes place from May to July.

The photo was taken in Mount Calamorro (Benalmádena, Málaga) in March 27, 2016.

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Cerastium gibraltaricum Boiss.

This is a perennial herb, slightly woody at the base, that lives in rocky areas andscrees of western Mediterranean Region. Stems, of up to 30 cm,are white-arachnoid. Leaves are linear-lanceolate, subaristate and glandular, with ciliate margins and a prominent midrib beneath. Flowers have long peduncles. Bracts and sepals are glandular and have scarious margins. Petals, are white, obcordate, bifid and glabrous.

Flowering takes place from May to June.

The photo was taken in Mount Calamorro (Benalmádena, Málaga) in May 2, 2016.

Coris monspeliensis L. subsp. syrtica (Murb.) Masclans.

This is a perennial or biennial herb, with puberulent and ascending to erect stems up to 30 cm tall, that  can be found in coastlands from SE Spain. Leaves are densely puberulent, entire, patent to reflexed, and with subrevolute  margins. Flowers are grouped in dense racemes. Calyx is membranous and tinged purple. Corolla is pink, purple or violet.

Flowering occurs from February to July.

The photos were taken in Mount Calamorro (Benalmádena, Málaga) in April 30, 2016.

 

Coincya monensis (L.) Greuter & Burdet subsp. cheiranthos (Vill.) Aedo, Leadlay & Muñoz Garm.

This is an annual to perennial herb that lives in rock, screes and sandy soils from W and S Europe. Stems, from 30-100 cm, are procumbent to ascending and glabrous to sparsely hispid at base. Leaves range from pinnatipartite to lyrate pinnatisect, have 3-9 pairs of lobes, and are densely hispid (sometimes coriaceous or glaucous). Petals are yellowish, with yellow, brown or violet veins. Fruits are siliquae, with 0-1 seeds.

Flowering takes place from March to August.

The photos were taken in Mount Calamorro (Benalmádena, Málaga) in March 24, 2017.

Geranium rotundifolium L.

It is an annual ruderal herb that can be found in most Europe, except the north. Stems, of up to 60 cm tall, are erect or ascending, with short glandular and long eglandular hairs. Leaves are petiolate (at least the basal ones) reniform or suborbicular (hence the epithet “rotundifolium”, that is ’round leaf’) and palmatifid, with 5-7 crenate lobes. Peduncles are usually shorter than subtending leaves. Sepals, densely pubescent, are ovate-lanceolate and mucronate. Petals are obovate, entire or very slightly emarginate, and pink. Fruits are hairy mericarps without ridges.

Flowering takes place from February to July.

The photo was taken at the Royal Botanic Garden of Córdoba, in March 24, 2010.

Geranium rotundifolium

Cistus salvifolius L.

This is a shrub of up to 1 m tall that is distributed all along S. Europe, N. Africa, SW. Asia and Macaronesia. Stems are procumbent or erect, with stellate hairs. Leaves are petiolate, from ovate to elliptical, rounded or broadly cuneate at base, green, scabrid and rugose above and have stellate hairs on both surfaces. Flowers, 4-6 cm in diameter, are solitary or grouped, up to 5, in a cyme. Calyx has 5 sepals, the two outer cordate at base. Petals are white.

Flowering occurs from March to June.

The photo was taken at the Royal Botanic Garden of Córdoba, in March 18, 2010.

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Cistus clusii Dunal

This is a shrub of up to 100 cm. tall, that can be found in calcareous zones of S. Europa, from S. Spain to S. Italy, and N. Africa. Stems are erect and branched. Leaves are linear, dark green above and white tomentose below, with revolute margins. Flowers (2-3 cm. in diameter) have white petals and are grouped in terminal umbel-like cymes. Peduncles, pedicels and sepals (3) have long white hairs.

Flowering occurs from March to June.

The photos were taken in Mount Calamorro (Benalmádena, Málaga) in April 30, 2016.

Hymenocarpos lotoides (L.) Vis.

This is an  annual herb, with erect and hirsute stems, that lives in grasslands on siliceous and sandy soils. Lowermost leaves are simple and apparently entire, from spathulate to oblanceolate; but, on the other hand, the upper leaves are irregularly, with 5-7 lanceolate leaflets. Flowers, with hirsute peduncles, are grouped in heads (3-7 flowers each). Calyx, also hirsute, is tubular with 5 unequal and triangular teeth. Corolla is yellow to orange. Fruit is a straight and erect legume with 10 seeds.

Flowering occurs from March to June.

The photos were taken in “Las Jaras” (Sierra de Córdoba), in April 5, 2016.