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Genista hirsuta Vahl.

Erect and very spiny shrub native to the Iberian Peninsula and NW Africa. Leaves are simple and lanceolate, with a hairy lower surface and the upper glabrous. Flowers are clustered into racemes. Bracts and bracteoles are very similar to the leaves. Calyx is bilabiate, with a lower lip longer than the upper. Corolla is yellow and marcescent. Fruit is a pyriform legume.

Flowering occurs from March to June.

The photos were taken near the “Arroyo Pedroche”, Córdoba, in April 30, 2018.

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Lavandula stoechas L. subsp. stoechas

This is a small aromatic shrub of up to 150 cm tall, that can be found in dry shrublands along the mediterranean Region. Stems are more or less tomentose. Leaves are more or less lanceolate, entire, spathulate and usually grey-tomentose. Flowers are arranged into pedunculate spikes that bear 3-12, obovate and purple, apical bracts. Fertile bracts are ovate to rhombic and densely pubescent. Calyx is 13 veined with an obcordate appendage at the apex of the upper tooth. Corolla is usually dark purple and scarcely pubescent.

Flowering occurs between January and September.

The photo was taken near the “Arroyo Pedroche” (Córdoba) in April 30, 2018.

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Stachys arvensis (L.) L.

Erect and hirsute annual herb that can be found growing in cultivated grounds, grasslands and roadsides all along Europe.

Stems are often branched and can reach up to 40 cm tall. Leaves are petiolate, crenate and slightly cordate at base. Flowers are clustered into 4-6 flowered verticillasters. Bracts are very similar to leaves. Calyx is hirsute. Corolla is pink to whitish, scarcely exceeding the calyx.

Flowering takes place from February to May.

The photos were taken near between Córdoba and Guadalcázar, in March 22, 2018.

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Stachys ocymastrum (L.) Briq.

Erect and hirsute annual herb that can be found growing in cultivated grounds and roadsides along S. Europe.

Stems are often branched and can reach up to 50 cm tall. Leaves are ovate, crenate and slightly cordate at base. Flowers are clustered into 4-6 flowered verticillasters. Bracts are very similar to leaves. Calyx is hirsute. Corolla is whitish, with the upper lip emarginate.

Flowering takes place from March to June.

The photos were taken near the city of Córdoba. in April 30, 2018.

Lupinus hispanicus Boiss. & Reut.

Annual hairy herb that can be found in light and acid soils of the Iberian Peninsula. Stems range from 20-60 cm and are branched from the base. Leaves are digitate, with 4-9 obovate-oblong leaflets. Leaflets are glabrous or sparsely villous. Flowers are arranged in a spike of verticillaster, much longer than the leaves. Calyx with lower lip almost twice as long as the uppermost. Corolla, at first creamish, becomes pale pink or lilac over time. Fruit is a sericeous legume with golden hairs.

Flowering occurs from February to May.

The photos were taken in “Trassierra” (Córdoba)  in April 28, 2018.

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Muscari neglectum (L.) Mill.

Bulbous herb that can be found growing in dry grasslands and cultivated grounds, along Europe. Scapes, erect, can reach up to 50 cm tall. Leaves, normally 2-3 per bulb, are linear and usually shorter than scape. Flowers are grouped in lax and cylindrical racemes, usually larger than scape in fructification. Pedicels of fertile flowers are more or less patent; and these flowers are obovoid and pale brown. Pedicels of sterile flowers are fleshy, ascending, bright violet and shorter than the fertile ones. These sterile flowers are usually grouped in a corymbose terminal tuft. Fruit is a capsule.

Flowering takes place from March to May.

The photo was taken in Trassierra, Córdoba, in April 28, 2018.

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Cleome violacea L.

Annual herb that can be usually found in rocky soils of the Iberian Peninsula and N. Africa, between 0 and 1400 m.a.s.l. Stems, of up to 60 cm, are erect ande usually branched from the base. Leaves are petiolate, the lower ones trifoliate with lanceolate leaflets, while the uppermost are simple and oblong-lanceolate. Bracts are, at least, as long as pedicels. Flowers are really small, with violet and strongly dimorphic petals. Fruit is a long and linear capsule.

Flowering takes place from April to October.

The photo was taken near the “Arroyo de Santo Domingo” in the “Sierra de Córdoba”, in April 27, 2018.

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Lathyrus cicera L.

This is a glabrous and annual herb that can be found growing in grasslands and cultivated grounds, along the mediterranean Region. Stems, usually between 20 and 80 cm long, are winged. Leaves are compound, divided into 1 or 2 pairs of  linear to lanceolate leaflets, and with a distal tendril. Stipules are lanceolate and semisagittate or semihastate. Flowers are solitary and pedunculated. Calyx teeth are equal and 2-3 times as long as tube. Corolla is reddish-purple. Legumes are brown, glabrous and  have to keels on dorsal suture.

Flowering and fructification occurs from May to July.

The photos were taken in Trassierra, Córdoba, in April 22, 2018.

 

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Spergularia rubra (L.) J. Presl. & C. Presl.

Annual to perennial herb, with slender taproot, distributed all throughout Europe in sandy soils, road margins, etc. Stems are, usually, decumbent or procumbent. Leaves . opposite, are linear, with lanceolate stipules. The bracts of the inflorescence are almost as large as the leaves. Petals are larger than sepals, pinkish to purplish. Fruit is an ovoid capsule.

Flowering occurs from February to July.

The photo was taken in the “Sierra de Córdoba”, in April 21, 2018.

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Cymbalaria muralis G. Gaertn.

Small and glabrous perennial herb native in Alps, Slovenia and Italy, but naturalized through most of Europe where can be found on walls. Stems can reach up to 60 cm. Leaves, alternate, range from reniform to suborbicular, with 5-9 mucronate lobes. Flower, usually solitary, are lilac to violet with darker veins and yellow palate.

Flowering occurs from January to December.

Photos where taken in the city of Córdoba; in April 8, 2018