Erodium cicutarium (L.) L’Her.

Annual and usually  caulescent herb with hairy stems of up to 50 cm tall that can be found in cultivated or disturbed ground, sandy places and grasslands all over Europe. Leaves, up to 20 cm long, are hairy and pinnate but have no intercalary leaflets. Leaflets are pinnatifid to pinnate. Flowers are grouped (1-7) in umbels. Bracts are ovate and often somewhat tinged with purple. Sepals are ovate-lanceolate and usually mucronate; while petals, elliptic, are purplish-pink, lilac or white. The fruit consists of five hairy mericarps joined together. Each mericarp bears a long awn which is a bristle of dead but hygroscopically active tissue, that helps the seed to bury itself by  drilling into the ground. Once on the ground, humidity changes cause the awns to wind to a helical shape when dry, or unwind straight when wet.

Flowering occurs from November to May.

The photos were taken in the “Sierra of Córdoba”, near the camping area of “Los Villares”.


Rosmarinus officinalis L.

This is an evergreen and aromatic shrub that thrives in scrublands of the Mediterranean Region. Stems, of up 2 m tall, are erect, ascending or rarely procumbent. Leaves, sessile, are linear, coriaceous, bright green above and white tomentose below, and have revolute margins. Calyx is green and tomentose during the anthesis, but somewhat pruplish and glabrous in fructification. Corolla is violet.

Flowering takes place from April to September.

The photo was taken near “Las Jaras” in the Sierra of Córdoba, in February 3, 2018.


Cynara humilis L.

Perennial herb with erect, striate and lanate stems, that inhabits in dry and waste places of C & S of Iberian Peninsula and NW Africa. Leaves are pinnatisect, glabrous above and white tomentose beneath; pinnae have revolute margins. Bracts of the involucre are purplish-blue, and range from reflexed to erect-patent. Florets are all hermaphrodite. Corolla is purplish-blue (sometimes white) and tubular.

Flowering occurs from May to July.

The photo was taken near the city of Córdoba, near a place called “La Palomera”, in May 17, 2016.


Helianthemum syriacum (Jacq.) Dum. Cours.

Dwarf shrub, up yo 50 cm tall and densely grey-tomentose, that inhabits in calcareous soils of the Mediterranean region. Leaves are petiolate, lanceolate to linear, acute, mucronate and have revolute margins. Flowers are disposed in dense cymes, divided from the base into 3-5 branches. Outer sepals are pilose and lanceolate and smaller than the inner, which are tomentose, ovate and acuminate. Petals are yellow and longer than the sepals.

Flowering occurs from March to June.

The photo was taken in Mount Calamorro (Benalmádena, Málaga) in May 1, 2016.


Convolvulus althaeoides L.

Pubescent perennial herb, with stems of up to 120 cm long (slender, trailing or twining) that inhabits dry places in Mediterranean and Macaronesic regions. Leaves are petiolate, very variable but, at least, the upper are cordate to sagittate. Flowers are in axillary cymes. Sepals are also variable, from acute to rounded, but in general they are densely hairy. Corolla, infundibuliform, is pink.

Flowering takes place from May to July.

The photo was taken in Mount Calamorro (Benalmádena, Málaga) in March 27, 2016.


Cerastium gibraltaricum Boiss.

This is a perennial herb, slightly woody at the base, that lives in rocky areas andscrees of western Mediterranean Region. Stems, of up to 30 cm,are white-arachnoid. Leaves are linear-lanceolate, subaristate and glandular, with ciliate margins and a prominent midrib beneath. Flowers have long peduncles. Bracts and sepals are glandular and have scarious margins. Petals, are white, obcordate, bifid and glabrous.

Flowering takes place from May to June.

The photo was taken in Mount Calamorro (Benalmádena, Málaga) in May 2, 2016.

Coris monspeliensis L. subsp. syrtica (Murb.) Masclans.

This is a perennial or biennial herb, with puberulent and ascending to erect stems up to 30 cm tall, that  can be found in coastlands from SE Spain. Leaves are densely puberulent, entire, patent to reflexed, and with subrevolute  margins. Flowers are grouped in dense racemes. Calyx is membranous and tinged purple. Corolla is pink, purple or violet.

Flowering occurs from February to July.

The photos were taken in Mount Calamorro (Benalmádena, Málaga) in April 30, 2016.


Coincya monensis (L.) Greuter & Burdet subsp. cheiranthos (Vill.) Aedo, Leadlay & Muñoz Garm.

This is an annual to perennial herb that lives in rock, screes and sandy soils from W and S Europe. Stems, from 30-100 cm, are procumbent to ascending and glabrous to sparsely hispid at base. Leaves range from pinnatipartite to lyrate pinnatisect, have 3-9 pairs of lobes, and are densely hispid (sometimes coriaceous or glaucous). Petals are yellowish, with yellow, brown or violet veins. Fruits are siliquae, with 0-1 seeds.

Flowering takes place from March to August.

The photos were taken in Mount Calamorro (Benalmádena, Málaga) in March 24, 2017.

Geranium rotundifolium L.

It is an annual ruderal herb that can be found in most Europe, except the north. Stems, of up to 60 cm tall, are erect or ascending, with short glandular and long eglandular hairs. Leaves are petiolate (at least the basal ones) reniform or suborbicular (hence the epithet “rotundifolium”, that is ’round leaf’) and palmatifid, with 5-7 crenate lobes. Peduncles are usually shorter than subtending leaves. Sepals, densely pubescent, are ovate-lanceolate and mucronate. Petals are obovate, entire or very slightly emarginate, and pink. Fruits are hairy mericarps without ridges.

Flowering takes place from February to July.

The photo was taken at the Royal Botanic Garden of Córdoba, in March 24, 2010.

Geranium rotundifolium

Cistus salvifolius L.

This is a shrub of up to 1 m tall that is distributed all along S. Europe, N. Africa, SW. Asia and Macaronesia. Stems are procumbent or erect, with stellate hairs. Leaves are petiolate, from ovate to elliptical, rounded or broadly cuneate at base, green, scabrid and rugose above and have stellate hairs on both surfaces. Flowers, 4-6 cm in diameter, are solitary or grouped, up to 5, in a cyme. Calyx has 5 sepals, the two outer cordate at base. Petals are white.

Flowering occurs from March to June.

The photo was taken at the Royal Botanic Garden of Córdoba, in March 18, 2010.